Sand Creek Memorial and Washita Sites
Beginning in the 1850s, the Cheyenne and Arapaho had more and more trouble with European Americans. There were many fights and many treaties over the next 14 years that led up to the Sand Creek Massacre in Colorado in 1864.
Although the Cheyenne practiced peaceful resistance inspired by their spiritual beliefs and often implemented through spiritual practice, most tribes participated in raids on white settlements after the massacre at Sand Creek and many fights ensued during the years, including the massacre at Washita.
Still Photographs of trains and settlers
The conflict ended with the tribes surrendering and becoming a captive people. The Cheyenne and Arapaho were stripped of their regalia, customs, traditions, language, spiritual beliefs, and practices.